1. http://scooterplanete.com
  2. Lines
  3. Betting on craps pass line


Betting on craps pass line expert picks for pga championship

Sunday 5st, October 9:52:22 Pm
Playing the Pass Line on Casino Craps


Any craps is the most common hedge bet and pays seven to one. This means that if you have a ten dollar pass line bet and a 1 any craps bet, you'll win 9 10 - 1 if the 7 or 11 rolls, and lose only 3 10 passline - 7 any craps instead of 10 if the 2, 3, or 12 rolls.

It sounds OK, but let's look at the numbers. At the end of 36 rolls, you've invested 36 36 x 1 in these hedge bets. The 2, 3 or 12 will theoretically roll four times once each for the 2 and 12, and twice for the 3 in 36 rolls.

  • UNSCOM Welch
  • Alisander Finley
  • Meredith Miller
  • Sports betting across state lines

So if you win these craps bets four times, you've won 28 4 x 7, a. Pass Line Bet the favorite of many craps players and the best bet to place for beginners.

Don’t Pass Line many players consider this to be the wrong bet, but it doesn’t really matter if you’re playing craps online. Craps Come Bet this is another of the better bets to place, particularly for beginners. Don’t Come Bet the reverse of the Come bet, also considered by many live casino players to be the wrong bet. Put Bets a Pass Line bet that’s made, or put’ down after the come-out roll and a point has been established.

Any Craps a one-roll bet, meaning it doesn’t stand’ for repeated rolls in the same way as a PassLine Bet. If a craps appears immediately after making a bet you win. If it doesn’t show’ then you lose. Craps’ is when a 2, 3 or 12 shows. Bets on the Pass Line can be made anytime during the game. Before a Point is established is the most advantageous time, that's the Come Out Roll. The fundamental bet in craps is the pass line bet, which is a bet for the shooter to win.

This bet must be at least the table minimum and at most the table maximum. If the come-out roll is 7 or 11, the bet wins. Information about the pass line craps bet and how it is explained and how to use this bet. The pass line bet is the most common wager used in the game of craps. This is considered a line bet because there is a large line area on the table layout where you can place your chips. The bet itself is simple, you are essentially wagering that the shooter will roll a 7 or 11 on the come out roll to win.

If the shooter rolls a 2, 3, or 12 which are craps numbers, then the player loses the bet. If the dice lands on a point number such as 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10, then that number will be established as the point number. If you have wagered on the pass line, then the shooter must roll that same p. Read more about bet types, win rates and payouts in the Craps Bet Types section below and also the Craps Glossary at the bottom of this page.

To learn even more on how to play craps at online casinos check this article on craps for beginners. Craps is a game that players can find in almost all offline casinos. Ideally, if you want to increase your chances of winning at online craps we suggest placing a come bet or a new passline bet on each roll. This is a system where you will see a lot of money going from one player to another so there will be winning days as well as losing ones. This is the system that most prolific craps betters use, a system that keeps you hot in the action with a chance for winning big while playing with the lowest house edge. Specifically, you will implement the Passline Bet version of craps.

Using two sixsided die, the rules are as follows You place your bet on the passline before a new shooter begins his roll. This is known as the come out roll. If the shooter rolls a 7 or 11 you win. If the shooter rolls any other number, that number becomes the point number. The shooter must roll that number again before a seven is rolled. If that happens, you win even money for your passline bet. If a seven is rolled before the point number is rolled again, you lose. When the user rolls a 7 or 11 on the first roll, this is known as Natural.

When the user rolls a 2, 3, or 12 on the first roll, this is known as Craps.

Basketball over under strategy

Conversely, bets on the Don’t Pass Line win. Believe it or not, these are essentially the only rules you need to know to play Craps for real money. If you’re a beginner, you’re not forced to bet on anything else. As long as you understand this basic principle, you’re good to go.

Super bowl prop bets houston we have a problem
Acer FordShannon Henderson 57 Bet365 game predictionChihura 77 Manchester cityGetafe 3 9
Of course, as you can tell just by looking at the online Craps table, there are loads of different things to bet on. See our Rules section for more info. A come bet is similar to the pass line bet and has some of the best odds.

The difference between the two is that the come bet can only be made after a point has been established. This happens when the shooter rolls a, or. The Pass Line Bet is the most common bet in craps. It’s a very easy bet and you can easily get through a whole night of gambling only knowing this one bet.

All you have to do is put your chips on the pass line on the table. You'll be able to tell were that is because it will say 'Pass Line' in big letters. You can make the Pass Line bet on a come out roll, which is designated by a black marker on the table that says off’. If you see a black marker on the table with the word 'off' on it then you'll know you are allowed to make your bet.

Mathematics and sports betting

Meant for the Professional Craps Dice Controller and Setter Sample play from Wizard of Odds website Supporting videos for The. Roger Well, first we're gonna start with the pass line, come out roll. We're gonna try to throw a 7, 11 and win to 2, 3, 12 lose. So, we're going for 7 or 11 five dice coming this way I get I get two, pick up two. Roger Now you can place a bet on any number you might have a particular number you like. They pay different odds depending on what number it is. The highest odds bet without counting cards is likely to be in craps.

Bet on the no-pass line and put maximum odds behind it after the point is made, and eschew all the fun, low odds options on offer i.e.

  • Omega Underwood
  • Darrin Swanson
  • Tiarnan Tapia
  • Betting lines week 11 nl

Hard ways, any craps, yo, etc. That's the odds maximizer, but for strange cultural reasons, no one bets the no-pass line it's seen to be rude, and everyone plays the pass line, which has very slightly worse odds. So if you don't want to be a total dick, you'd bet the pass line and put max odds behind it.

At a good casino this will be 3x-your pass line bet, at a dum.

Pro boxing odds

Every pass line bet will then win. Craps occurs when a player rolls a This is another word for the come-out roll, which signifies the beginning of a new round. The pass line is perhaps the most essential as well as the very foremost bet you must learn. This is the primary bet in the craps game and is laid ahead of the come out roll.

  • Montague Pham
  • Merton Knox
  • Aldwyn Noble
  • Whos favored to win the superbowl this year

Wins in case a seven or 11 is thrown over the come out roll.

Loses in case a two, three, or 12 is thrown over the come out roll. In case a point is thrown over the come out roll, the pass line bet wins in case the point is hit sooner than a seven. The don’t pass line is the contradictory of the pass line bet. Wins in case the pass line loses. Loses in case the pass line bet wins. Known as one of the most fundamental craps bet i have a possible scenerio that i would like explained to me.

If i bet on the passline and a 5 comes out. Then the pin is turned over and turned on to 5. So show more Known as one of the most fundamental craps bet i have a possible scenerio that. If i bet on the passline and a 5 comes out. Then the pin is turned over and turned on to 5.

Aqueduct race picks

Pass Line Bet House Edge and Payout.

Caesars prob bets super bowl 53
Shane WiseAk Chan 21 Siuper bowl betting cheat sheetMonaco Monte Carlo 41 TorinoPartizani 6 6
Craps is based on chance, which means the outcome of every roll depends on statistical probability instead of some decision-making on the player’s part. This is why understanding the mathematical aspect of the game is important, especially for those who plan to play it regularly. Craps is played with two dice, each coming with six probabilities. A Pass Odds bet can only be made after the player has bet the Pass Line and rolled the Point.

This bet wins or loses under the same conditions as the Pass Line bet. If the Point is rolled before a 7, this bet wins. These bets are different versions of the bets described above. A bet on the C field is the same as the Any Craps bet, and a bet on the E field Eleven is the same as a Horn bet on the Additional Information. To make a bet, it is first necessary to choose a chip with the desired face-value. Betting on the Don’t Pass line is sometimes considered a little impolite at a craps table and won’t earn the player friends, as they are relying on the rolls to fail to get a pay out.

However, for online craps this bet can be made freely and you should use it to your advantage. Play begins with the shooter, who typically must bet on either the Pass’ or Don’t Pass’ line as a kind of ante. The dice are rolled they must be rolled both at the same time, but this is no issue with online craps and the results are added together.

If the result equals 2, 3, or 12, then this is crappi.

Can i legally bet on sports

For the more visually minded of you, here is every single online Craps bet you can make. We’ve even accompanied each one with an image showing the relevant area of the table. Once you've got your head round it, try Craps for real at our top recommended Craps casino, PartnerName! The table below compares the house edge of each Pass Line bet and shows how Taking The Odds can seriously turn the odds in your favor. To make this bet, you have to stack your chips below the Pass Line feel free to ask for help if you’re unsure. Pass line is the area of the craps table where you can place your pass line bet.

Come bets is the same as the pass line with the exception that you must bet after the point. Don't come the reverse of the come bet with the exception that a first roll of 2 or 3 wins, and 12 is a standoff. Odds only when you have a point or a come-out point, may you take the "odds" and win if the point or the come point is made before a 7.

Betting against the shooter You may bet against the shooter by placing your bet on the "Don't Pass" line. The rules are then reversed, with the exception that if the shooter's first roll is 12, it is a standoff, you neither win nor lose. After the roll has begun and the shooter has a point, you can make a bet by placing it on the "come" line. Your initial bets are multi-roll bets.

All online craps games start with a minimum bet required on either the Pass or Don’t Pass line. Every player at the table makes their opening bet and then a come out roll is rolled. Before the come out roll is rolled there will be a round symbol on the table that says off. If you bet the Pass line, you’re hoping that the come out roll is either a 7 or If it does come out a 7 or 11, all the Pass line bets win even money.

If the come out roll is a 2, 3 or 12 it’s called craps, hence the name of the game, and the Pass line bets are lost.

Mexico gold cup squad

Craps Check Betting on any craps during the come out roll to hedge your pass line bet. Don't Come bet A don't pass bet made after the point is established. Don't Pass bet A bet that the shooter will not make his point. Double odds An odds bet that is twice the size of the original passcome bet. Some casinos offer higher odds.

  • King Clements
  • Byron Huffman
  • Austen Love
  • Brook porter odds

Inside Numbers Place bets on the numbers Lay bet A bet that a 7 will be rolled before the number you are placing 4,5,6,8,9, or 10 comes up.

Lay-Out The printed area on the felt where wagers can be placed. Lay Odds After a point has been established an additional odds bet can be made that will win if the original don't pass bet wins. Little Joe Slang for a pair of twos or Hard 4. Marker The plastic disk used to mark the point. Craps players place bets against each other or a bank as is done in the casino.

The modern version of Craps was brought to New Orleans by Bernard Xavier Philippe de Marigny de Mandeville, a wealthy gambler and politician. Winn adjusted Bernard Xavier’s version of the game slightly to form the version of Craps played in the United States today.

This is accomplished by strategically choosing bets that have the smallest house advantage. The pass line and don’t pass line bets are two of the best wagers for players to make in terms of house advantage.

Because of the large number of unwritten rules and complex wagers, Craps is considered a professional game for experienced gamblers.

Betting line tn vs west virginia

Betting on the pass line bet or betting with the dice is the most common bet in craps and you will see many players or shooters choosing it. A pass line bet requires you to place chips on the Pass Line section of the table.

If the shooter’s come out roll is a 7 or 11, you win even money. However, if the come out roll is 2,3 or 12 craps you lose. If any other number is rolled 4,5,6,8,9 or 10 it’s called the point.

  1. Fanduel sportsbook com
  2. Roma
  3. Llandadno Town
  4. 8:1

Interestingly, in a game of Crapless Craps, the ability to lose a Pass Line bet to craps on a come out roll is removed hence the name crapless craps.

This improves your odds of winning by removing the house edge and increasing your expected value. Try Craps With a up to Deposit Bonus CLICK HERE. Craps Bets Explained - Craps can seem confusing to new players. Let us guide you through learning all the different bets so you can play better. You can only make this bet after the point on the Pass Line has been determined, but the rules are exactly the same as those for a Pass Line bet.

After the come point has been set, a natural will see an instant win, craps will lose the bet, and other rolls will be a winner if the come point is repeated before rolling a 7 if a 7 is rolled, then the bet is lost. Place bets can be made at any time during a game of craps, but are often played when a point number has already been determined.

10 bet no deposit bonus codes

Pass Line bet This bet wins when 7 or 11 happen on the Come Out roll. Losses occur when 2, 3 or 12 show up on the Come Out roll. Should a box number be thrown, it needs to be repeated before the 7 in order for the Pass Line bet to win.

Pass Lines are the most common bets in craps.

  1. Celtics bucks full game highlights
  2. Orlando City
  3. Arsenal London
  4. 0:6

Point When 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10 is rolled on the Come Out. Seven Out The losing roll of 7 that ends your turn. The magic of craps odds bets is that even though they can only be made in support of PassDon’t Pass or ComeDon’t Come bets that have already sacrificed a small edge to the house, the odds bets themselves yield no advantage to the house or the player.

Just about every other possible wager in the casino favors the house by some margin, but odds bets in craps offer gamers a level playing field. The pass bet is the basic bet at craps table.

Almost every craps shooter will bet on the pass line. It’s also the second-best bet in terms of house edge. Pass line bets are even money bets that pay off if a player rolls either a total of 7 or 11 on the come-out roll. Pass line bets always lose on come-out rolls of 2,3, or 12, known as craps. If the 2, 3, 7, 11, or 12 isn’t rolled on the come-out roll, then the number rolled established a point. If you make a pass line bet on the come-out roll and the roll establishes a point, then you have the opportunity to take the odds on the next roll.

This lowers the effective house edge, so players should learn the technique. Casinos limit the amount of odds you can take, which is a sign it’s a good bet for players.

Other items

9172233_Real madrid vs manchester city 2020

If you bet the Pass Line, and the shooter makes his point, you win your bet. The Pass Line bet is always paid off at even money. When betting wrong Don't or Against the Shooter the player takes the opposite position from a right bettor. If you're a wrong bettor, understand that certain rules and etiquette apply to you. Craps is a social game and more often than not, wrong bettors are considered unlucky by the of right bettors at the table. So, my advice is to keep your hands off the rails, so you don't touch the dice when the shooter is rolling, when it's your turn to shoot, pass the rubies to the next guy, and be understated when the shooter sevens out and you win your bet.

On both of these bets, the house advantage is, one of the lowest advantages in the casino.

3891307_Top 5 basketball players in the nba today

Most of those craps bets have woeful odds anyway, so we won’t be bothering with them. In order to play craps, the first thing you need to learn is the Passline bet, so let’s get straight on with that. You must first place your bet on the Passline, before a shooter that is someone who rolls the dice, rolls. In craps, you do not have to be the shooter, in order to bet.

The first roll itself is called the Come Out roll. If the shooter rolls a 7 or an 11, then you’ll will win your Passline bet. If they roll a 2, 3 or 12, then you’ll lose your bet. Should any other number appear.

9802083_High card flush minimun bonus bets

Craps virgins are recommended to start with Pass Line bet which banks on 7 or 11 outcome on the first roll also known as Come Out roll. Any other outcome establishes the Point which can be 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or The action then continues until a roll results in the Point number or a 7.

A game of online craps offers numerous betting options including PassDon’t Pass, ComeDon’t Come, Place bets, Field bets and more. There’s also an option to hedge place combined bets that can potentially reduce the risk. Playing free online craps is the best way to learn what’s what.

8496462_Mavs vs warriors

The most basic of all craps bet is on the Pass Line, which is also known as right way betting because you’ll be backing the shooter along with most players at the table to win. For beginners, the Pass Line bet can be thought of like an ante of sorts, or the minimum wager you need to get into the game.

The other major motivation to bet on the Pass Line is simple enough doing so aligns you with the shooter and fellow players, so when the table wins, you win. As you’ll learn in the next entry, betting the wrong way at the craps table is definitely doable, it’s just frowned upon to put it lightly.

By becoming a Pass Line bettor to begin your craps experience, you can ensure that the game boils down to a simple binary dynamic like I described in the introduction.

5753803_Money app game

The most basic craps bet is the Pass Line bet. When you place a Pass Line bet, you're betting with the dice. In other words, you're betting that the either a 7 or an 11 will be the first number rolled called the "come out" roll. If this happens, you double your money right away.

If a 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10 is rolled, this establishes a "point." When a point is set, you want that number to be rolled again, before a 7 is rolled when the shooter "sevens out".

If the shooter rolls the point before he rolls a 7, you double your money.

6008480_Kentucky derby 2020 horses running

The Pass Line allows for continuous bets, while the Don’t Pass terminates the sequence of wagers. There are hundreds of strategies on the internet on craps, but there are only a few optimal options available to newly inducted players. The optimal plan to implement continuous Pass Line’s isn’t tricky. Player’s want to make sure that the game their playing has a house advantage of. This advantage will inevitably reduce if the Pass Line is continually hit.

Once prizes have been accumulated, it’s recommended that the Place 6 and 8 betting options be enacted.

4394050_Oregon arizona betting line

The fundamental bet in craps is the pass line bet, which is a bet for the shooter to win. This bet must be at least the table minimum and at most the table maximum. If the come-out roll is 7 or 11, the bet wins. A put bet is a bet which allows players to increase or make a Pass line bet after a point has been established after come-out roll. Players may make a put bet on the Pass line and take odds immediately or increase odds behind if a player decides to add money to an already existing Pass line bet.

Put betting also allows players to increase an existing come bet for additional odds after a come point has been established or make a new come bet and take odds immediately behind if desired without a come bet point being established.

5563216_Nfl super bowl prop bets funniest

Learn how to make a pass line bet and a don't pass line bet in this Howcast video about how to play craps.

3022824_Referee chelsea vs barcelona

Craps features a plethora of bets, but the most fundamental is the pass line wager, which nearly all players make. On a come-out roll, the pass line bettors win when either a 7 or 11 is rolled.

A 2, 3, or 12 loses, and is called craps. When any other number 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10 is rolled it’s called the point. Once a point has been set, the pass-line bettor wins if the point is rolled again, and loses if a 7 is rolled first seven-out. After a seven-out the dice pass to the next shooter for a new come-out roll.

The opposite of a pass line bet is the don’t pass bet, which wins on a c.

1573561_Bruins stars betting line

Consider them Pass Line bets that are repeated in the same game round. The players place the Come bets after establishing the Point in the come-out roll. Just like the Pass Line bets, Come bets win if the shooter rolls 7 or 11 and lose if the shooter rolls 2, 3 or If the shooter rolls 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10, that number is established as the Point for Come Come Point.

Come bets win if the shooter rolls the Come Point again before rolling the sum of 7, and lose if the opposite occurs. Craps rules allow to place bets only for one roll. These are called Field Bets and Proposition bets. In Field Bets you win when a 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11 or 12 strike.

7058681_Santos vs chivas score

Lets roll the Dices with online Craps from Microgaming. Craps is a typical casino table game. You can take odds on the Pass Line, Don’t Pass Line, Come and Don’t Come bets. Play Craps for free or with money and welcome bonus. If the outcome of a roll of the dice is a total of 7 or 11, you win even-money on a Pass Line bet. If the outcome of a roll of the dice is a total of 2, 3 or 12 the Pass Line bet is lost.

scooterplanete.com the outcome of a roll of the dice is a 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10, the number becomes the Point. The Shooter then continues to roll the dice until the Point is rolled again.

854956_Free fixed games for today

Craps Strategy Bet the Pass Line, Then Take Max Odds. Continuing with the above mentioned, the best bet for beginners has to be the pass line’ bet, which should always be done before the come out roll. The last bets you could consider betting on too, especially since we want to keep the house edge as low as possible, would then be the odds bet’ and the come bet’ however, the pass line bet is still the best overall, especially for beginners.

Apart from the above three 3, any other bets are really best for tournaments, when the table is doing pretty good is hot, and if you know what you are doing after all, the house edge on these bets is much higher since the casino will not have to pay proper odds on them so unless that is the.

1415635_Super bowl odds 2020 vegas current

If the pass line and the don’t pass line bets were the only two options available, anyone could learn craps in moments, but it wouldn’t be such an interesting game. That’s why the come bet is available, too. The come bet basically treats the roll of the dice after a point has been set as if it were another come-out roll. It’s treated the same as a pass line bet.

A put bet allows a player to bet on the pass line after the come-out roll. The player gets to choose her point. Of course, you can achieve the same effect with a buy or place bet. Many of the bets on a craps table are proposition bets. Just as the bets listed above offer some of the best odds in the casino, the bets listed below offer some of the worst odds in the casino.

9710315_Denver warriors game

Start date Jul 11, Hola a todos, estoy traduciendo unos documentos acerca de apuestas en linea, me he topado con el juego de "craps" que es de dados pero como nunca habie ni escuchado de este juego anteriormente no se nada hacerca de la terminoligia utilizada en espaa como por ejemplo Como se dice en espaol Pass line bet Come bet Dont come bet PassCome odd bet Dont passDont come odd bets HArdway bet. Por favor si alguien conoce este juego ayudenme, o diganme como lo traduciria para que se entendiera en espaa o alguna sugerencia.

1480545_Scotiabank credit card travel insurance

The pass line is the fundamental bet on the craps table. Just like in other casino games, the basic bet is usually the one that carries one of the lowest house edges. The principle of the pass line is simple. After wagering on the pass line, the shooter will roll to establish a point in the come-out roll. The don’t pass bar is the exact opposite of the pass line.

During the come-out roll, a don’t pass wager wins if a 2 or 3 is rolled, and loses if a 7 or 11 is rolled. If a 12 is rolled, the bet pushes rather than wins, which is where a vast majority of the house edge lies in this bet. After the come-out roll, a don’t pass bettor is rooting for the exact opposite outcome of a pass line bettor that the shooter will roll a 7 before the point.

This bet is, therefore, more likely to win than lose after the come-out roll.

841323_Betting odds of donald trump winning election

The Pass Line is the only bet you really need to understand to play craps. Place your chips on the Pass Line before the first roll. On the Come out roll, the Pass Lin bet pays even money if the shooter rolls 7 or You lose your money if the shooter rolls craps 2, 3 or If the shooter rolls any other number 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 that number becomes the Box Point and the dealer will turn over the marker to the light side that says On and place it on the box with that number.

Once the Box Point has been established, a player who has made a Pass Line bet can also take odds. In extra wager that the Box Point will be rolled before a 7. This is the best bet in craps because the house has no edge.

So casinos will limit how much you can bet here relative to your Pass Line bet.

3787225_Best app to bet on kentucky derby

Pass line bet The fundamental bet in craps is the pass line bet, which is a bet for the shooter to win. A pass line bet is won immediately if the come-out roll is a 7 or If the come-out roll is 2, 3 or 12, the bet loses known as "crapping out". As odds bets are paid at true odds, in contrast with the pass line which is always even money, playing pass odds on a minimum pass line bet lessens the house advantage.

A maximum odds bet on a minimum pass line bet often gives the lowest house edge available in the casino. However, the odds bet cannot be made independently, so the house retains an edge on the pass line bet itself. Don't pass odds If a player is playing don't pass instead of pass, they may also lay odds by placing chips behind the don't pass line.

6770655_Toronto darts and games

The pass line bet starts with the shooter the person rolling the dice making a bet on the pass line. Once that happens, the player gets to make the initial roll, which is called the come out roll. There are two sets of numbers that can show up on the come out roll, and this will determine whether the bet is immediately resolved or if play continues to a second stage.

On a 2, 3, 7, 11 or 12, the bet is immediately resolved. The player wins on a pass line bet if the come out roll is a 7 or Craps is a complicated game with a lot going on. What we have described to you here is the most basic level of gameplay that will allow you to get in on the action and make some good bets that won’t put you in a position of being taken advantage of with trap wagers with really high house edges.

5761230_Melbourne victory w vs sydney fc w prediction

For those who've recently played craps at some of the strip casinos, what is the average X odds you can take on a pass line bet. "Your question is a little confusing as to how you presented it.

The odds bet can vary depending on casino, some casinos will be at 10 times odds, 20 time odds and one has times odds which to the average gambler is foolish if you think about it. All casinos will let you know what there odds bet limit is.

The odds bet reflects the Amount of money you can lay down when you make a pass line or other bet. Suppose you lay 25 on the pass line and the.

9235156_Mizzou alabama betting line

Anyone betting against the shooter places his bet in the area marked Don’t Pass or Don’t Come. The shooter is said to win if he throws 7 or 11 a natural on his first throw the comeout roll and lose if he instead throws 2, 3, or 12 craps.

If the shooter’s first throw is 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10, that number is his point, and he continues to throw until he rolls the same number again makes his point and wins or throws 7 misses out, or craps out and loses both his bet and the dice. If the shooter loses or if he wins but declines to shoot again, he must pass the Craps is derived from the English dice game hazard. The private form of craps played in the United States evolved in the midth century among African Americans.